Seven Wonders of the World

The Seven Wonders of the World is a list of seven monuments, the world over that are voted to be to be most intricately built. The seven wonders were enlisted before 2000 too but in year 2000, a project was undertaken to select them from a list of 200 monuments that existed. The New7Wonders Foundation of Zurich, asked people to cast their votes for their favorites and the seven monuments that attracted most number of votes were declared the New 7 wonders of the world.

Here is the list-

1) Christ Redeemer: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Standing atop the Corcovado mountain off Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil is the third largest statue of Jesus Christ and the largest Art Deco statue in the in the world. The statue symbolizes the Brazilian city. Constructed for over five years, the statue is situated above 2300 ft above sea level. It is made up of soapstone and concrete.

2) Great Wall of China: China

One of the older wonders of the world that finds its place in the new list as well, the Great Wall of China is perhaps the only monument that is visible from the outer space. This herculean wall was built to protect the Chinese territories from the invasion of the Mongols. Several lives were lost during the construction of this wall. It is made up of brick, stone, wood and stamped earth. Intermittent walls were built in 7th century BC during the reign of the Ming dynasty, that were later on joined to become one big meandering mass. The wall has been frequently rebuilt and renovated.

3) Machu Picchu: Peru

Discovered in 1911, Machu Picchu is a town atop Andes Plateau and located in the jungles of Amazon. This town belongs to the 15th century AD and remained uninhabited for three centuries prior to the twentieth century. The extraordinary feature of the town is the fact that it is located at a high level of 7970 ft above sea level. It was built by the Incan Emperor called PachacĂștec and was touted to be "the city in the clouds". Most of the original structure has undergone several restorations and it is a continual process with this town. Machu Picchu attracts a high number of visitors every year.

4) Petra

Located in the Jordanian governorate called Ma'an, Petra is an archeological city. It was the Nabatean capital from 9 BC right up to 40 A D. The hallmark of the city lies in the planning and construction of superior tunnels and water compartments, that was way ahead of their times. Not only that, the city also had a theater with a seating capacity of 4000. Its splendid rock architecture attracts thousands of visitors every year. Petra is also known as the Rose City because of the hue of the stones in which it is carved out.

5) Pyramid at Chichen Itza: Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Chichen Itza is a famous city of the pre Columbian era built during the days of the Mayan civilization in Mexico. It is the second most popular site across all archeological sites in Mexico. The Pyramid in Chichen Itza is known as Kukulkan Pyramid. It is 24 meters high. Kukulkan is the name of the snake deity of the Mayans and a figure of snake at the base of the pyramid exhibits the same.

6) Roman Colosseum: Rome, Italy

Built over two thousand years ago, the Roman Colosseum was built to host the deadly gladiator games. With a design so ingenious, that finds its way into all stadium designs of the modern day. This Colosseum has seen in its days of glory, not only valiant fights but sad deaths too, resulting out of these fights. The Colosseum is one of the brilliant examples of the Roman architecture. It is also the largest amphitheatre in the world. Emperor Vespasian began its construction in 70 AD and the structure was completed in 80 AD. It had a seating capacity between 50,000 to 80,000 people and apart from the gladiator fights, it was also used for hosting executions, animal hunts and sea battles illustrations.

7) Taj Mahal: Agra, India

The finest example of Mughal architecture ever built, Taj Mahal is a mausoleum that Emperor Shah Jahan constructed in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Situated in Agra, India, it has been intricately carved from white marble. A monument that pulls crowds by the thousands every year, it was built between 1632 and 1653. Thousands of artisans and laborers put their sweat into the making of this monument. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri is considered the chief designer of it. The tomb with the graves of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan is the chief attraction of the monument.

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