Mountains

A mountain is defined as a landform that is shaped as a peak. They generally occur in form of massive ranges. They are formed because of tectonic activities. Mountains are measured in terms of meters above sea level though there are several mountains that are entirely located below the seas. Most of the highest mountain peaks, the first 14 to be exact, of the world lie in the Himalayan ranges. They are commonly known as the "Eight Thousanders" as they are all above 8000 meters above sea level. Mountains make one-fifth of the face of the landscape of the Earth.

Mount Everest

The highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest stands tall at 8848 meters above sea level. It is located in the Himalayas. Initially known as Peak XV, Mount Everest got its name in 1856 from George Everest, a British Surveyor General of India. The peak lies on the China and Nepal Border. The Tibetan name of the peak is "Chomolungma". A great hit with the mountaineers worldwide, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay first scaled the summit on 29th May 1953. Increasing traffic on the Himalayas and the metamorphosis of this mountain into a garbage dump has become a great environmental concern in the recent times.

K2

Also known as, Godwin-Austen, K2 is the second highest mountain on Earth. It is 8611 meters above sea level. It lies between Baltistan, located in Pakistan administered Kashmir and China. This is also the highest peak of the Karakoram Range. This mountain peak is also infamous for the fatalities that it has caused its climbers. This is one of the most difficult mountains to climb and several thousand people have perished while trying to climb it. It has never been climbed in winter either. It is named K2 for being the second peak of the Karakoram Range of mountains. This peak is made of old sedimentary rocks and lies on the tectonic plate of Eurasia.

Kanchenjunga

Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain of the world lies between Nepal and Sikkim, India. It stands 8586 meters above sea level. River Tamur and River Teesta flow on its western and eastern sides. Until 1852, Kanchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain peak of the world. Joe Brown and George Band made the first ascent on this mountain peak in 1955. This peak comprises of three distinct eco-regions. Kanchenjunga looks majestic from Darjeeling, West Bengal, India and the Darjeeling War Memorial is always beaming with visitors because of the beauteous sight of the Kanchenjunga that it offers.

Lhotse

Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain peak in the world and is connected to Mount Everest via South Col. It is a part of the Himalayan ranges. Its literal meaning in Tibetan means the Southern Peak. It is 8516 meters above sea level. Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger of Switzerland were the first people to climb the mountain in 1956. The western part of the peak is called Lhotse face.

Makalu

Makalu is the fifth highest mountain peak in the world. It is a part of the Himalayan ranges and stands 8481 meters above sea level. It lies on the China Nepal border, to the southeast of Mount Everest. It is shaped like a pyramid. Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy first climbed the summit in 1955. This mountain peak is considered one of the most difficult mountains to climb. The mountain houses the Makalu - Barun valley that is a Himalayan glacier valley.

Cho Oyu

Cho Oyu, that literally means the "Turquoise Goddess" in Tibetan, is the sixth highest mountain peak in the world. A part of the Himalayan ranges, it lies 20 kms west to Mount Everest and is 8201 meters above sea level. It is located on the Nepal Tibet border. Joseph Jöchler Herbert and Tichy of Austria along with Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama first climbed the summit in 1954. It is considered one of the easiest mountains to climb amongst the "Eight Thousanders".

Dhaulagiri

Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain peak in the world. It is 8167 meters above sea level. Its parent mountain is K2. The first successful ascent on this peak was made in 1960 that comprised of Swiss, Austrian and Nepali mountaineers. World's deepest gorge lies between Dhaulagiri and Annapurna mountains. Until 1808, it was considered world's highest mountain peak. Its name has been taken from Sanskrit that means "Dazzling white".

Manaslu

Manaslu is the eighth highest peak in the world. It stands 8156 meters above sea level. It is a part of the Nepalese Himalayas. Its name means "Mountain of the Spirit". The first ascent on the mountain was made in 1956 by a Japanese expedition team comprising of Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu. The peak offers several trekking choices. Since it has ridges and valleys all around, this mountain is relatively easy to climb though frequent rainfall makes the area propone to landslides.

Nanga Parbat

Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest mountain peak in the world literally means the "Naked Mountain" in Sanskrit. This along with K2, is one of the most fatal mountains to climb and has never been climbed in the winters. It is 8126 meters above sea level. It is also called "The Killer Mountain" because of the mortalities it causes. It lies on the western side of the Himalayas in Baltistan, located in northern Pakistan. Attempts to climb this mountain started back in the early 1800s. Hermann Buhl of Austria made the first successful attempt to reach the summit of the peak in 1953.

Annapurna

Annapurna, the tenth highest mountain peak in the world is 8091 meters above sea level. This mountain is one of the most difficult mountains to climb, witnessing several fatalities. Its ascent from the southern part is considered the most difficult climb across all mountains of the world. The first ascent to Annapurna was made in 1950 by a French expedition. The first winter ascent of the mountain was made in 1987 by a Polish expedition team.

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