Famous Discoveries

Discovery means bringing forth certain information that existed before but were not brought to light, yet. The world we live in today and the mammoth amount of information that we have accessed about everything, are all thanks to the path breaking discoveries by several people from time to time. Every discovery whether big or small, has supreme significance.

Listed below are some of the famous discoveries and people that changed the face of the world and the information forever.

Scientific discoveries

Michael Faraday - Electricity

An avant-garde physicist and chemist, the credit for discovering electromagnetic induction, electrolysis, benzene, and host of other elements and principles goes to Michael Faraday. Born in 1791 in South London, Faraday worked extensively to unearth the principle between generator and electronic transformer. He also coined the terms such as cathode, ions, and electrode. Though he did not receive much of a formal education in his early life, his contributions have made him one of the greatest scientists ever.

Sir Isaac Newton - Gravity

Unarguably one of the greatest names in physics and mathematics, Sir Isaac Newton's Laws of Motion and his studies on gravitation are heralded as one of the most important discoveries ever made. This was not the only discovery that he ever made; Newton has an impressive track of discoveries and invention to his credit. He created the first reflecting telescope that helped in explaining the breaking up of white light into several colors upon passing through a prism. He made significant contributions in the fields of classical mechanics, optics, and calculus.

James Watson and  Francis Crick  - DNA

Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 1962, James Watson and  Francis Crick jointly discovered the configuration of the DNA molecule. Their discovery of the double helix structure of the DNA molecule spawned the future generations of molecule biologists to understand the mechanisms by which genes control the chemical processes within the cells. Their discovery led to the very basis of the humongous field of biotechnology. Forensic and genetic finger printing, rapid gene sequencing, genetic engineering all owe their origin to the phenomenal work done by James Watson and  Francis Crick.

Johannes Kepler - Motion of planets around the sun

The contributions of Johannes Kepler have been highly instrumental in gaining knowledge about the planetary motions. He propounded three laws that explained the orbit of the planets around the sun. Rather, his works also helped Newton propound the theory of Universal gravitation. Born in Germany in 1571, he was a highly religious man who gave the credit to each of his discovery to God.

Geographical discoveries

Christopher Columbus - America

Christopher Columbus, born in 1451 in Italy, is credited in discovering for the world, The Americas, and several other regions. An avid sailor, he participated in several expeditions to Africa before embarking upon his first independent voyage. His first voyage helped discover the Bahamas. His subsequent voyages helped find out more islands in the Caribbean Ocean, though he thought he had actually discovered the small islands of China. It was in his third voyage that he touched upon the current day Venezuela, discovering the Americas, and opening up the two continents for European civilizations.

Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen- South Pole

Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, better known as Roald Amundsen was an explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic regions who discovered the South Pole. He also has the distinction of leading the first expedition to the North Pole. He was born in Norway. He also discovered the Northwest Passage that is a sea route across the Arctic Ocean that originates in the Northern America linking Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. He disappeared while on a rescue mission in 1928.

Vasco de Gama - Sea route from Europe to India

Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route from Europe to India and commanded the ships that reached directly from Europe to India. Born in Portugal, Vasco's discovery was of great significance to Portugal, as they wanted to seek an establishment in Asia without having to cross the choppy waters of Mediterranean. His expedition was widely acclaimed as several other expeditions in a similar pursuit were attacked and foiled. His discovery of the route was of supreme importance because with it started the global exchange in trade and culture.

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